Monday, June 26, 2017

Great barrier reef value

Sunday, June 25, 2017

Invitation to business and community groups

We will  promote the profile layout for community groups and businesses so they can grow more links to better business alliances, investment funds and donors' access.

We need from you: basic information of your business contact details or community group activities.

Pilot programs and other activities for investment access will be designed in the following weeks in consultation with the community of businesses and community groups as well as the government.

The project is fully funded by Engineers currently working as volunteers with LFT Australia. We follow the lawyers promotional promise no win no fee.

Arts Northern Territory

Pilot programs for Northern Territory and South Australia

LFT-Australia is studying the opportunity to invest in pilot programs  aiming to help create employment generation, business networking, marketing and other results from virtual reality advertising.

As well we advise to open the option to set up more and more scholarships for schools, business owners, education centres such as TAFEs & universities to learn the fair trade system of LFT Australia to approach more opportunities and network faster and smarter.

Local key stakeholders have been approached and informed to continue a conversation with LFT Australia volunteers and members.

We are continuing or negotiation and information in Canberra to boost the potential of people overseas that can join our efforts here in Australia and in South Asia.

Adelaide in South Australia

Many Prospect have been observed through the days and we have reviewed that new and better virtual reality options will be available for all sponsors and investors at LFT.

Especially in areas for startup businesses, alternative business options and connections with universities through education that will create links with places like Coober Pedy in South Australia.

This will be able to use for networks in other parts of the world especially in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane.

Saturday, June 24, 2017

Gems for Africa

LFT monthly memberships to obtain a nice gem for up to $750 dollars value.

You can get your reward in one yearly payment, 3 months or up to 1 year!

Sunday, June 18, 2017

Fwd: Blue Brain team discovers a multi-dimensional universe in brain networks

Blue Brain team discovers a multi-dimensional universe in brain networks

by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX) Jun 16, 2017

The image attempts to illustrate something that cannot be imaged - a universe of multi-dimensional structures and spaces. On the left is a digital copy of a part of the neocortex, the most evolved part of the brain. On the right are shapes of different sizes and geometries in an attempt to represent structures ranging from 1 dimension to 7 dimensions and beyond. The "black-hole" in the middle is used to symbolize a complex of multi-dimensional spaces, or cavities. Researchers at Blue Brain Project report groups of neurons bound into such cavities provide the missing link between neural structure and function, in their new study published in Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. Credit Courtesy of Blue Brain Project

For most people, it is a stretch of the imagination to understand the world in four dimensions but a new study has discovered structures in the brain with up to eleven dimensions - ground-breaking work that is beginning to reveal the brain's deepest architectural secrets.

Using algebraic topology in a way that it has never been used before in neuroscience, a team from the Blue Brain Project has uncovered a universe of multi-dimensional geometrical structures and spaces within the networks of the brain.

The research, published this week in Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, shows that these structures arise when a group of neurons forms a clique: each neuron connects to every other neuron in the group in a very specific way that generates a precise geometric object. The more neurons there are in a clique, the higher the dimension of the geometric object.

"We found a world that we had never imagined," says neuroscientist Henry Markram, director of Blue Brain Project and professor at the EPFL in Lausanne, Switzerland, "there are tens of millions of these objects even in a small speck of the brain, up through seven dimensions. In some networks, we even found structures with up to eleven dimensions."

Markram suggests this may explain why it has been so hard to understand the brain. "The mathematics usually applied to study networks cannot detect the high-dimensional structures and spaces that we now see clearly."

If 4D worlds stretch our imagination, worlds with 5, 6 or more dimensions are too complex for most of us to comprehend. This is where algebraic topology comes in: a branch of mathematics that can describe systems with any number of dimensions. The mathematicians who brought algebraic topology to the study of brain networks in the Blue Brain Project were Kathryn Hess from EPFL and Ran Levi from Aberdeen University.

"Algebraic topology is like a telescope and microscope at the same time. It can zoom into networks to find hidden structures - the trees in the forest - and see the empty spaces - the clearings - all at the same time," explains Hess.

In 2015, Blue Brain published the first digital copy of a piece of the neocortex - the most evolved part of the brain and the seat of our sensations, actions, and consciousness. In this latest research, using algebraic topology, multiple tests were performed on the virtual brain tissue to show that the multi-dimensional brain structures discovered could never be produced by chance.

Experiments were then performed on real brain tissue in the Blue Brain's wet lab in Lausanne confirming that the earlier discoveries in the virtual tissue are biologically relevant and also suggesting that the brain constantly rewires during development to build a network with as many high-dimensional structures as possible.

When the researchers presented the virtual brain tissue with a stimulus, cliques of progressively higher dimensions assembled momentarily to enclose high-dimensional holes, that the researchers refer to as cavities. "The appearance of high-dimensional cavities when the brain is processing information means that the neurons in the network react to stimuli in an extremely organized manner," says Levi.

"It is as if the brain reacts to a stimulus by building then razing a tower of multi-dimensional blocks, starting with rods (1D), then planks (2D), then cubes (3D), and then more complex geometries with 4D, 5D, etc. The progression of activity through the brain resembles a multi-dimensional sandcastle that materializes out of the sand and then disintegrates."

The big question these researchers are asking now is whether the intricacy of tasks we can perform depends on the complexity of the multi-dimensional "sandcastles" the brain can build. Neuroscience has also been struggling to find where the brain stores its memories. "They may be 'hiding' in high-dimensional cavities," Markram speculates.